Studies at Collège des Frères, Bethlehem, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey and Stanford University. 1961, began banking career at National Bank of Kuwait; successfully steered the bank through the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990, temporarily moving operations to London from where NBK was the only Kuwaiti bank to remain open for business. Member of the Board of Directors: International Institute of Finance; Central Bank of Jordan; Group of Thirty; others. Chairman, Arab Business Council, World Economic Forum. Recipient, Lifetime Achievement Award, FT Magazine (2008 and 2010).