1977, BCom in Commerce, University of Melbourne. Experience in banking and investments. Former Ambassador and Special Envoy to the President of Indonesia; former Member, Indonesia People's Consultative Assembly. Founder and Chairman, Pelita Harapan Educational Foundation, Jakarta; Deputy Chairman, Indonesian General Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Jakarta. Recipient of honours, including: Honorary Doctorate, Christian Ministry, Ouachita Baptist University, US (2004); Honorary Doctorate, Letters, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia (2007).