Master's in Mechanical Engineering and Economics. Joined Shell in 1971: experience in refinery process design; senior management positions around the world, including the Netherlands, Curaçao, UK, Africa, USA and Canada; 1997, Managing Director; 2004, Chief Executive Officer. Chairman of the Supervisory Board, ING and Philips. Chairman Supervisory Council Technical University Delft. Supervisory Board member Statoil and Boskalis.