Graduate: Institute of Political Sciences, Paris; French Nat'l School of Administration; Edhec Business School. 2002-05, in charge of Economic and Financial Affairs, French Ministry of Culture and Communication. 2005-08, Director of Administration, Financial and Legal Affairs, Louvre Museum. Also occupied several diplomatic posts at the United Nations in New York, and in Finland and Estonia. October 2008-May 2013, Director-General, International Council of Museums; concurrently, President, International Committee of the Blue Shield, which promotes the protection of cultural heritage in accordance with the Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict. Currently, Member of the French Council of State (Maître des Requêtes) on special service.