1982, BSc in Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University; 1991, MBA, KFUPM. Formerly: has led large-scale business initiatives and industrial projects, built capacity for the benefit of Saudi citizens through economic and social programmes, and enhanced the performance and impact of complex organizations. Minister of Health. Currently, Minister of Energy, Industry and Mineral Resources of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. With Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco): held key leadership positions including 2009-15, President and Chief Executive Officer; currently, Chairman of the Board of Directors. Chair of the Board: Saudi Arabian Mining Company (Ma’aden); Saudi Geological Survey; Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu; Saudi Fund for Industrial Development; Saudi Industrial Property Authority (MODON); King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST); King Abdullah City for Atomic and Renewable Energy (KACARE); Saudi Exports Development Authority; King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST, Vice-Chair). Recipient of honours and awards, including: Honorary Doctorate, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology; King Abdulaziz Medal (First Class), Saudi Arabia’s highest civilian honour for service to the country; Energy Intelligence Petroleum Executive of the Year (2016).