1978, Juris Doctor, Autonomous University of Santo Domingo. 1973, joined Dominican Liberation Party; 1985, Member, Central Committee and 1990, Political Committee; Secretary of Foreign Affairs and Press Secretary; Editor-in-Chief, Magazine Politics, Theory and Action. 1994, Vice-Presidential candidate; 1996-2000 and 2004-12, President, Dominican Republic. President: Dominican Liberation Party; Global Foundation for Democracy and Development. Author of various articles and books. Recipient of 20 honours.