BA in Economics, Fudan University; MPA, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University; MA and PhD in Economics, Johns Hopkins University. Formerly: taught economics at Johns Hopkins University and Fudan University; Group Executive Vice-President, Bank of China; positions with World Bank; Deputy Governor, People's Bank of China. Currently, Deputy Managing Director, International Monetary Fund. Member of the Board, World Economic Forum. Trustee, Princeton University. Honorary Trustee, Fudan University. Member, International Council, Business School, Chicago University.