BSc in Aeronautical Engineering; MSc in Astrophysics; PhD and postdoctoral research in Upper Atmospheric Physics. Former: Physical Sciences Editor, Nature; Founding Editor, Physics World. 1995-2018 Editor-in-Chief, Nature and Nature Publishing Group, since 2018 Editor-in-Chief of Springer Nature. Has worked with UK gov't, the EU and US Nat'l Institutes of Health on science and its impacts in society. Former Trustee, Cancer Research UK. Founding Trustee and former Chair, MQ: transforming mental health. Fellow, Royal Astronomical Society. Elected Fellow, Institute of Physics. Recipient, honours and awards. Awarded knighthood 2015.