Former: Minister of Housing, Minister Coordinator of Economic and Social Affairs, and Deputy Minister of Finance. 1994-98, Vice-President of Costa Rica. 2006-10, Deputy Secretary-General of the UN and UNDP Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean. 2010-14, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and Associate Administrator of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Since April 2014, Secretary-General, Ibero American Conference, an international multilateral institution which brings together the 19 Spanish and Portuguese speaking countries of Latin America plus Spain, Andorra and Portugal. Former Member of the High Level Panel on Financing for Development convened by the UN Secretary General Kofi Annan. Has contributed to key UN initiatives such as the Millennium Project on Poverty and Economic Development and the High-Level Panel on Financing for Development; delegate to the United Nations Commission for the Reconstruction of Haiti. Chairman of the Board, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED). Recognized as one of the 50 leading intellectuals of Latin America (2014 and 2015).