Studied at the London School of Economics, Cambridge University and Harvard University. 2003-2008, served as Minister for Education; 2007-2015, as Minister for Finance. 2011-2014, Chairman, IMFC, the key policy forum of the IMF. 2017-2018, Chair, G20 Eminent Persons Group on Global Financial Governance. Since 2017, Chairman, Group of Thirty, an independent global council of current and former economic and financial leaders. Since 2011, Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), Singapore’s central bank and financial regulator; member of the Board and Chair, Investment Strategies Committee, Government of Singapore Investment Corporation (GIC). Honorary Fellow, London School of Economics.