Undergraduate degree and Master's in Economics, London School of Economics and Cambridge University; MPA, Lucius N Littauer Fellow, Harvard University. Formerly with the Monetary Authority of Singapore, including as Managing Director. 2001, entered politics as Member of Parliament, Jurong GRC; 2002, elected to the Central Executive Committee, People's Action Party. 2003-08, Minister for Education; 2007-15, Minister for Finance. Since May 2011, Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore; 2011, 2nd Assistant Secretary-General, People's Action Party; 2015, appointed Coordinating Minister for Economic and Social Policies; Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore, Singapore's central bank and financial regulator. Former Chairman, International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC). Chairman, Group of Thirty. Chair: International Academic Advisory Panel, advising the Government on strategies for the university sector; International Advisory Council, Singapore Economic Development Board; Board of Trustees, Singapore Indian Development Association (SINDA); Ong Teng Cheong Labour Leadership Institute. Honorary Fellow: London School of Economics; Economic Society of Singapore.