1994, BA (Hons) in Architecture and Urban Planning, Harvard University. 1994-95, Sales and Trading Associate, Morgan Stanley & Company; 1995-96, Equities Division, Morgan Stanley (Singapore); 1997-98, Senior Manager, Corporate Finance Department, Makindo. 1998-99, with Deutsche Bank. 2000-02, Senior Official, Indonesian Bank Restructuring Agency (IBRA). 2002-05, Investment Manager, Farindo Investments. 2006, Managing Partner and CEO, Quvat Management. Former Minister of Trade of Indonesia.