Master's in Economics, Univ of Amsterdam. In the banking industry of The Netherlands for over 40 years. 1972, joined De Nederlandsche Bank; 1986-98, Member, Governing Board. From 1999, Member of the Managing Board and CFO, ABN AMRO Bank. 2006, retired from ABN AMRO; until 2007, Adviser to the Managing Board. Since 2006, Member of the Board, Zurich Insurance Group and Zurich Insurance Company. 2012, elected Vice-Chairman. From Aug. 2013, acting as Chairman. Sept. 2013, elected Chairman of the Board. Vice-Chairman Supervisory Board, Royal DSM.