1989, PhD in Economics, Nankai University, China. 1989-93, Division Chief, then Deputy Director, The Regional Economic Research Institute, Academy of Macroeconomic Research (AMR), National Development & Reform Commission (NDRC). 1993-94, Visiting Scholar, Applied Economics Department, K. U. Leuven, Belgium. Currently, Executive Vice-President, AMR, NDRC. Guest Professor, Renmin University, China. Standing Director: China Macroeconomic Association; China Society of Economic Reform. Vice-Chairman, China Society of Regional Economics. Research mainly focuses on development strategy and planning, macroeconomic policy and regional economic policy.