Editor-in-Chief of the Economist since 2015, having joined the newspaper in 1994. Previously Business Affairs Editor, Economics Editor, Emerging-Markets Correspondent. Prior to that, an economist at the International Monetary Fund (IMF); an adviser to the Minister of Finance in Poland. Has written extensively about international financial issues, including enlargement of the European Union, the future of the IMF and economic reform in emerging economies. In 1998, testified before Congress on the introduction of the Euro. Degrees from Oxford University and Harvard University.