1982, BA and 1987, LLM, Shanghai Institute of Foreign Trade. 2000-03, Vice-Governor of Pudong Government, Shanghai, resp. for Social Development Board, Lujiazui Central Financial District and Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone. 2002-10, China Delegate, Bureau of International Expositions, Paris, taking charge of the bidding for the 2010 Shanghai World Expo; Vice-Director, Shanghai Bureau of World Expo; and Vice-Chairman, China Executive Committee of Shanghai World Expo. Since 2002, Member, Advisory Group, Department of Commerce (the former Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation, PRC) on Sino-US trading issues; WTO legal consultant, Department of Commerce (formerly MOFTEC); Vice-Director, Research Board, World Trade Organization Law, and Vice-Executive Director, Shanghai Research Centre, WTO. Currently, Vice-Chairman, CPPCC Shanghai Committee; Member, CPPCC National Committee; President, Shanghai Institute of Socialism. Honorary PhD, Liverpool University.