Blue food

Blue food

The Challenge

By the year 2050, the human population is estimated to have grown from seven billion to 10 billion people. The current land-based system of food production cannot meet the nutritional needs of a growing and more urbanized population. Turning to the ocean could be a solution but it is being rapidly depleted of fish and other aquatic foods as well its ecosystems being degraded due to unsustainable fishing and aquaculture practices. Progress is being made but further work is required to secure ethical, legal and sustainable seafood that is accessible, especially to those most nutritionally in need.

The Impact Area

Elevating and securing the long-term role of blue food as a primary source of livelihoods, cultural values, and nutrition for society.

Sustainable Development Goals

Specific targets: SDG 14.2, SDG 14.4, SDG 14.6



  • Eliminate harmful fisheries subsidies through work to ensure a binding global agreement via WTO negotiations
  • Bring aquatic foods into the heart of policy dialogues on the future of food through the Blue Food Partnership
  • Combat illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing through the effective implementation of port state measures across the Pacific, based on the principles of the FAO Port State Measures Agreement, and through the development of the IUU Supply Chain Risk Tool
  • Improve transparency, environmental sustainability, and social responsibility in seafood supply chains through the 2025 Pledge towards Sustainable Tuna
  • Promote ‘whole fish’ thinking and solutions to ensure greater nutrition for thriving communities, strong economies and healthy environments through the Seafood Loss and Waste project

Other impact areas