LLB, High-Level Political Theory. 1961-81, Vietnamese People's Army, as Senior Lieutenant, Captain and Major. 1981-94: various positions on various committees, Kien Giang Provincial Party and Ha Tien District Party Committee. 1995-96, Deputy Minister of Public Security and Member, Central Police Party Committee. 1996-97, Member, Politburo and Politburo Standing Committee; Director, CPV Central Committee's Economic Commission, in charge of financial affairs. 1997-2006, Permanent Deputy Prime Minister; Member, Politburo; Deputy Secretary of the Government's Party Committee; acting Chairman, National Financial and Monetary Policy Council; Head Central Highlands Steering Committee; Head, southwestern region Steering Committee, and various other positions. 1998-99, acting Governor of the State Bank of Vietnam and Secretary, State Bank of Vietnam's Party Committee. Since 2006: Prime Minister; Politburo Member; Secretary of the Government's Party Committee; acting Head, Party Central Committee's Anti-Corruption Steering Committee; Vice-Chairman, National Defense and Security Council; Chairman, National Council for Emulation and Awards; Chairman, National Council for Education; various other positions.