In Estonia, women earn almost 30% less than men, making it the largest gender pay gap in the European Union.
Although no member country has managed to completely close the gender pay gap, in the EU the situation is generally better than in other parts of the world.
These Eurostat statistics show the percentage difference between the average gross hourly earnings of men and women for each EU country. (Greece is not included due to a lack of data.)
Estonia has the biggest difference in the average gross hourly earnings of men and women, with men earning 29.9% more than women. This is followed by Austria, which has a 23% difference in wages.
That Germany appears among the top five countries with the largest gender pay gaps may come as a surprise. Despite its progressive equality policies, such as split parental leave, the country has a gap of 21.6%. Sweden and Finland have similarly progressive policies but also fall within the less equal half of the graph.
Slovenia, with 3.2%, is the most equal EU country. It is followed by Malta with 5.1% and Poland with 6.4%.
Globally, women continue to earn less than men, with the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2015 showing that despite an increase in women’s earnings, their current worldwide average only equals what men were earning 10 years ago.
The imbalance of the gender wage gap has a direct impact on global economics. As talented females struggle to thrive in the workforce, it affects a country’s ability to generate sustainable growth and create jobs.
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Author: Emma Luxton is a Digital Content Producer at Formative Content.
Image: A businesswoman walks on the esplanade of La Defense, in the financial and business district in La Defense, west of Paris. REUTERS/Gonzalo Fuentes.