China

Technology is helping travellers navigate the Chinese New Year rush

A woman takes pictures of trees decorated for Spring Festival ahead of the Chinese Lunar New Year at Ditan Park in Beijing, China February 11, 2018. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

Chinese New Year is steeped in tradition, but new technologies will change how 1.4 billion people celebrate it this year. Image: REUTERS/Thomas Peter

Rob Smith
Writer, Forum Agenda
Share:
Our Impact
What's the World Economic Forum doing to accelerate action on China?
The Big Picture
Explore and monitor how China is affecting economies, industries and global issues
A hand holding a looking glass by a lake
Crowdsource Innovation
Get involved with our crowdsourced digital platform to deliver impact at scale
Stay up to date:

China

Chinese New Year is arguably the biggest celebration on Earth. Also commonly referred to as Spring Festival and Chunyun, it is also celebrated in North and South Korea and Vietnam.

The Chunyun period started on February 1 and lasts until March 12, with the 2018 Chinese New Year falling on February 16.

The 40-day festival marks the world’s largest human migration. Around three billion trips are expected to be made throughout China by around 390 million people - an 8.8% increase compared to last year.

Chinese New Year: The world’s largest migration Image: Statista

According to the China Central Television Station, the majority of these trips will be taken via public transport, including almost 60% opting for high-speed trains. It’s not surprising, therefore, that around 3,000km of new track has been laid in time for the Spring Festival travel rush.

People wait to board trains at Shanghai's Hongqiao Railway Station Image: REUTERS/Aly Song

Forbes says the four busiest train stations during Chinese New Year will be Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai and Zhengzhou. And in Zhengzhou, police officers have been equipped with real-time facial recognition glasses, designed to improve public security.

Via its Facebook page, media outlet People’s Daily says the glasses allow police to hunt down fugitives and spot fake IDs with “just one look”.

A police officer uses facial recognition glasses for security during the Spring Festival Rush Image: @PDChina on Twitter

Alongside these measures, rail authorities have also launched a range of “smart” technologies, including self-service counters, navigations systems and travel notices, to help travellers with their journeys.

The Spring Festival travel rush begins at Shanghai's Hongqiao Railway Station
Image: REUTERS/Aly Song

Consumption upgrade

Access to disposable income – the result of China’s buoyant economy and emerging middle class – means more citizens are looking for higher-quality products and services.

For example, over 90% of the New Year's Eve set meals available at restaurants have been pre-booked, the Xinhuanet news agency reports.

Dubbed a “consumption upgrade”, celebrations also include trips abroad, with an estimated 6.5 million Chinese heading overseas.

Unsurprisingly, consumer confidence in China is at an all-time high, with the Consumer Confidence Index reaching 112 points in 2017, up from 106 points in 2016.

Purchasing has also been simplified thanks to massive growth across China’s e-commerce market, which today accounts for 42% of the global share. Many purchases will be delivered to people’s homes during Spring Festival, thanks largely to e-commerce platforms such as Alibaba's Taobao and JD.com, Xinhuanet says.

And according to the World Economic Forum’s Insight Report on the Future of Consumption in Fast-Growth Consumer Markets – China, online platforms, where international high-end and niche brands are easily accessed, are rising in popularity, while cross-border shopping sites are also leading the consumption upgrade movement.

The world’s most watched TV show

The Spring Festival Gala - broadcast on China Central Television - is often touted as the world’s most watched television show. According to Guinness World Records, the show had nearly 500m unique viewers in 2012. That’s roughly the equivalent of the European Union sitting down to watch the same show.

It’s thought viewership and interest in the Gala has fallen, but numbers still remain enormous.

Keeping with tradition

While celebrations have modernized in recent years, Spring Festival remains steeped in tradition. Chinese New Year is always marked with the Lantern Festival, which this year is on Friday March 2.

Lanterns decorate Yu Yuan Garden in Shanghai for Chinese New Year Image: REUTERS/Aly Song

Celebrated on the 15th day of the first Chinese lunar month, the Lantern Festival is seen as a night of partying and freedom, when the sky is filled with a menagerie of brightly-lit flying lanterns and coloured drones. The festival is said to date back around 2,000 years.

Have you read?
Don't miss any update on this topic

Create a free account and access your personalized content collection with our latest publications and analyses.

Sign up for free

License and Republishing

World Economic Forum articles may be republished in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License, and in accordance with our Terms of Use.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

Related topics:
ChinaMedia, Entertainment and Sport
Share:
World Economic Forum logo
Global Agenda

The Agenda Weekly

A weekly update of the most important issues driving the global agenda

Subscribe today

You can unsubscribe at any time using the link in our emails. For more details, review our privacy policy.

'Consumption boom': Domestic travel surges in China during Lunar New Year

Spencer Feingold

March 6, 2024

About Us

Events

Media

Partners & Members

  • Join Us

Language Editions

Privacy Policy & Terms of Service

© 2024 World Economic Forum