Trade and Investment

Can governments agree on global data flows? Here are 6 recommendations

Cross-border flows … servers for data storage in Iceland. Image: Reuters/Sigtryggur Ari

Richard Samans

Director of Research, International Labour Organization (ILO)

Hosuk Lee-Makiyama

Director, European Centre for International Political Economy


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Economic impact (GDP) of data flows, cross‑border liberalization and restrictive policies Image: McKinsey Global Institute, Digital globalization: The new era of global flows, 2016, using data provided by Telegraphy; US International Trade Commission, Digital Trade in the U.S. and Global Economies, Part 2, 2014; Forthcoming study by S. Evenett and H. Lee‑Makiyama; H. Lee‑Makiyama, “The Costs of Data Localization”, ECIPE, 2014; H. Lee‑Makiyama and B. Narayanan, “The Economic Losses from Ending the WTO Moratorium on Electronic Transmissions”, ECIPE, 2019.

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