Davos Agenda

How plastic bottles are turned into spectacles in the US city of Flint

environment water tap drinking water irrigation safe h20 water supply tap faucet michigan flint united states usa us

Unsafe drinking water in Flint, Michigan caused residents to switch to bottled alternatives. Image: REUTERS/Rebecca Cook

Sean Fleming
Senior Writer, Formative Content
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Davos Agenda

This article is part of: Pioneers of Change Summit
  • Unsafe drinking water caused the US city of Flint, Michigan to switch to bottled alternatives.
  • Vast amounts of bottled water were given away and later sold to the community.
  • Now that plastic is helping create jobs and boost recycling as part of a circular economy.

An enterprising optician in the US is recycling plastic from drinking water bottles to create spectacle frames – and jobs. Based in Flint, Michigan, the firm – Genusee – says it is playing its part in tackling single-use plastic pollution from bottled water consumption. It is also bringing some much-needed employment back to an economically depressed community.

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Genusee is making spectacle frames out of recycled plastic bottles Image: Genusee

Drinking bottled water is an everyday occurrence all over the developed world. But in Flint, it has a deeper significance.

A public health crisis

As part of cost-cutting measures in 2014, the town started drawing water from the Flint river, rather than Lake Huron – which also supplies nearby Detroit. It was a decision that led to a series of public health problems including hair loss, skin irritation, lead poisoning, Legionnaires’ Disease, and the death of at least 12 people.

Once it had been determined that the water was a danger to health, residents turned to bottled water. Some of which was, initially at least, provided free of charge.

A survey carried out in 2018 by the community group Flint Cares, determined that the average household consumption of water was 14.7 cases per week.

environment water tap drinking water irrigation safe h20 water supply tap faucet michigan flint united states usa us
Flint residents averaged 14.7 cases of bottled water a week after the town’s water supply became contaminated. Image: Flint Cares

At the height of the crisis, the city was getting through “more than 20 million water bottles a day”, according to Genusee.

From recycling to job creation

Flint was once at the heart of the US car manufacturing sector, eventually earning the nickname Vehicle City. The median household income in Flint is $27,717 (based on 2014-18 data, from the US Census Bureau). For the US as a whole, in 2018, that figure was $64,324.

“This is a community that has been greatly affected by the outsourcing of the auto industry,” a statement on the Genusee website says.

“Eyeglasses can be manufactured with a basic understanding of tools and on-the-job skills training. By bringing a new manufacturing legacy to the city of Flint, and creating jobs that anyone can be trained to do – we will put people back to work by retraining and employing them in new skills and crafts.”

The company says it wants to “generationally impact the lives of people in Flint” and believes that creating living-wage jobs in diverse fields of interest is key to social and economic justice.

Genusee also operates a buy-back scheme for its eye-glasses customers. Once they are ready to change their specs, the company will buy them back, giving the customer a credit toward the purchase of a new pair. By taking this circular economy approach, the old spectacles are then recycled, refurbished or donated by the optician.

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