4 charts showing COVID-19's impact on Chinese New Year travel

A traveller waits to board his train at Beijing South Railway station ahead of the Lunar New Year celebrations, 2021

Train station are much quieter than usual. Image: REUTERS/Thomas Peter

Tony Munroe
Journalist, Reuters
Muyu Xu
Journalist, Reuters
Our Impact
What's the World Economic Forum doing to accelerate action on China?
The Big Picture
Explore and monitor how China is affecting economies, industries and global issues
A hand holding a looking glass by a lake
Crowdsource Innovation
Get involved with our crowdsourced digital platform to deliver impact at scale
Stay up to date:


  • Data shows a 70% drop in the number of trips across China in the two weeks before Lunar New Year, compared
  • Traditionally, millions of people in China's major cities return to their hometowns in remote regions to celebrate.
  • However, 48 million are likely to stay put this year following the COVID-19 outbreak.
  • It's expected that utility companies and movie theatres will face heightened demand as a result of this change.

The number of people who travelled in China ahead of Lunar New Year plummeted from two years ago as coronavirus restrictions curbed the world’s largest annual domestic migration.

The seven-day celebration is China’s most important national holiday and is usually marked by big family reunions. Millions of workers traditionally travel - sometimes thousands of kilometres from Beijing and other major cities - to their hometowns in remote regions.

Have you read?

Data from the Ministry of Transportation, Chinese internet giant Baidu Inc and travel analytics firm ForwardKeys showed a sharp drop in the percentage of the country’s 1.45 billion population who travelled this year.

With some 48 million more people expected to stay put in 36 major cities this year compared to years past, according to the commerce ministry, utility companies and movie theatres are preparing for heightened demand.

A graph to show China's domestic travel ahead of new year
2021 has seen a significant drop in China's domestic travel compared to 2019. Image: Reuters

Ministry of Transportation data showed a 70% drop in the number of passenger trips across the country in the two weeks leading up to Lunar New Year, compared with the same period two years ago. Travel during last year’s holiday period, during the early stages of the coronavirus outbreak, was also disrupted.

A travel index published by Baidu Inc based on GPS data from its users showed a 41% fall in travellers compared with 2019.

Mobility through China over the Lunar New Year
Many people are likely to stay at home this year for the celebration. Image: Reuters

Flight bookings for the two weeks prior to the holiday stood at 32.8% of the equivalent period in 2019, while tickets issued during the holiday period were just 14.7% of the 2019 level, according to travel analytics firm ForwardKeys.

“The outlook for travel over the Chinese New Year period is currently dreadful ... You can see the impact of official travel restrictions clearly in consumer booking behaviour,” said Olivier Ponti, vice president of insights at ForwardKeys.

China’s government in January urged people to abandon travel plans following fresh COVID-19 outbreaks, leading local governments to impose strict quarantine measures. Some areas relaxed their stance in recent days, triggering some last minute bookings, particularly for Sanya, a popular holiday destination in the South China Sea.

Staycation consumption boom

Logistics firms, energy producers and entertainment providers like restaurants and cinemas have been preparing for greater numbers of people who have stayed in the major cities.

Pre-sales of movie tickets for the holiday period stood at 1.463 billion yuan ($226.67 million) as of Feb. 11, just beating the 1.458 billion yuan recorded in 2019, according to data from Dengta, a box office data tracker run by Alibaba Pictures.

China’s State Grid expected the peak load in eastern China would increase about 18% over the holiday period this year, compared with 2020, while in northwestern and southwestern China it would rise 10%.

China Southern Power Grid estimated the peak load in southern regions would be up 14% from last year, as some industrial plants are expected to resume operations earlier than normal years.

A graph to show the metro passenger flows in China's capital city Beijing around Chinese New Year period
Metro passenger flow in Beijing has fallen. Image: Reuters
A graph to show the metro passengers flow in China's Shanghai city around Chinese New Year
Less passengers in Shanghai were using the metro approaching Chinese New Year. Image: Reuters
Don't miss any update on this topic

Create a free account and access your personalized content collection with our latest publications and analyses.

Sign up for free

License and Republishing

World Economic Forum articles may be republished in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License, and in accordance with our Terms of Use.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

Related topics:
ChinaTravel and TourismCOVID-19
World Economic Forum logo
Global Agenda

The Agenda Weekly

A weekly update of the most important issues driving the global agenda

Subscribe today

You can unsubscribe at any time using the link in our emails. For more details, review our privacy policy.

Davos 2024: Special Address by H.E. Li Qiang, Premier of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China

January 17, 2024

Liming Chen

January 14, 2024

About Us



Partners & Members

  • Join Us

Language Editions

Privacy Policy & Terms of Service

© 2024 World Economic Forum