- On International Women's Day, UN Women is celebrating women's leadership in all forms.
- Women should have an equal opportunity to take on leadership roles in all aspects of society - from sport to climate action.
- Here, UN Women outlines how women can claim leadership in a variety of sectors and ensure that their voice is heard.
Shirley Chisholm, the first Black US Congresswoman once said: “If they don’t give you a seat at the table, bring a folding chair."
The future is better with women at every table where decisions are being made. Trailblazing women like Shirley Chisholm have been claiming their space and demanding women’s inclusion and equality throughout history, and now it’s on us.
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Across all sectors, communities and societies, women have key contributions to make to leadership. From politics and corporations to sports and STEM, diverse leadership benefits everyone. Leaders need to represent the people they serve to best understand their wants and needs.
This year on International Women’s Day, we’re celebrating women’s leadership in all its forms, and calling for women and feminists across the world to claim their space in leadership and decision-making.
Businesses and entrepreneurship
Even with a record-breaking new high of women CEOs of Fortune 500 companies in 2020, only 7.4 per cent of companies on the list are run by women, and women are less likely to be entrepreneurs and face more disadvantages starting businesses. Women also face intersecting and multiple forms of discriminatory practices at the workplace that keep them from advancing in their careers and claiming leadership positions, such as sexual harassment, the gender wage gap and lack of family-friendly policies.
Five ways you can shift policy and culture so that more women can claim leadership positions in the world of work:
- Demand equal pay for work of equal value.
- Call for parental leave policies that support parents of all genders.
- Demand zero-tolerance policies for workplace sexual harassment and violence.
- Share domestic and care-work at home equally.
- Demand equal representation of women in boardrooms.
From athletes to executives, women leaders in sport inspire women and girls from all walks of life to strive for their dreams. They defy gender stereotypes and shift attitudes about gender roles, they provide safe and fair spaces for women and girls, and teach them about teamwork and perseverance. Without women’s leadership, the Olympic Games Tokyo 2021 would never become the first gender-equal Olympic Games, with female athlete participation at almost 49 per cent.
Despite progress and many broken records, women continue to be excluded in certain sports and are paid far less than their male counterparts in wages and prize money globally.
Five ways you can help women claim leadership positions in sport:
- Raise awareness, change perceptions – any sport is a woman’s sport.
- Demand equal pay and prize money for women’s and men’s events.
- Watch, read about and support female athletes and teams.
- Use sport as a platform to speak up for equality and as a tool to empower women and girls.
- Call out sexism in sports events and celebrate women athletes’ successes.
Science and COVID-19 response
To overcome the COVID-19 pandemic and recover from the ongoing global crisis, the world needs science, and science needs women. On the front lines of response, women and girls are healthcare workers and innovators, researching vaccines, pioneering treatments, and inspiring girls to be forces of good in STEM.
Women in science are leading us toward a safer world, often risking their lives as they make up 70 per cent of health and social care workers. Yet, they remain underrepresented in decision-making and leadership as they make up only 30 per cent of the leaders in the global health sector.
Systemic barriers, gender bias, discrimination and gender stereotypes continue to hold women back from rising in STEM careers, which consequently limit the diversity of innovators who are trying to find solutions to the most pressing challenges, from climate change to the COVID-19 crisis. For better solutions that benefit everyone, we need more women leaders in science.
Five ways you can help women claim leadership in science:
- Raising awareness among children, educators and parents to reject gender bias –any STEM career is a woman’s career.
- Find and lift up women and girls in STEM fields.
- Listen to women’s expertise and have confidence in their research.
- Mentor women and girls in science and technology, encourage them to aim high.
- Advocate for women’s inclusion in COVID-19 pandemic response and recovery at national and local levels.
Women around the world are disproportionately affected by climate change. Climate-induced humanitarian disasters often worsen existing gender inequalities, leaving women and girls prone to higher rates of violence, malnutrition and more. Without women leaders in the climate movement, the solutions and response to the climate emergency will continue to exclude women’s needs and undermine their rights.
Women and girls have been leading climate action and environmental movements, but men occupy 67 per cent of climate-related decision-making roles. Climate justice and environmental sustainability depend on the leadership of women and young people.
Five ways you support women’s leadership in climate action:
- Support and elect women leaders who are pushing for environmental policies.
- Demand government action for a zero-carbon world.
- Listen to and amplify the voices of women of girls in the climate movement.
- Demand equal representation of women in climate action task forces, teams, committees etc. at local and national levels.
- Read and share stories of women at the forefront of climate action around the world.
Decision-making, politics and public life
Women serve as Heads of State or Government in only 22 countries, and 119 countries have never had a woman leader. Just 25 per cent of national parliamentary seats are held by women, and data from 133 countries indicate that women make up only 36 per cent of elected members of local deliberative bodies.
When women are underrepresented in public decision-making, policies may not reflect their needs and priorities. If we don’t take decisive action to empower and enable more women to claim leadership in politics and public decision-making, we will not reach equality at the highest levels for another 130 years.
Five ways you can help women claim political leadership:
- Support feminist candidates.
- Support community outreach and capacity-building training for women facing multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination to participate in public life and politics.
- Call for gender quotas to be adopted and enforced, and for bolder targets for equal representation.
- Demand that violence against women in political and public life, both online and offline, be criminalized and prevented.
- Incentivize political parties to finance women candidates’ campaigns and promote their leadership.
Movements and civic spaces
Strong feminist movements are a foundation for thriving democracies and a catalyst of positive change.
Women are leaders in all forms of civic engagement, from labour unions and academia to media and movements for social justice. These movements play an essential part in holding governments to account, as well as driving social change.
Around the world, the space for civil discourse and movements is shrinking. There are more laws that restrict freedom of assembly, creating obstacles for women’s organizations and movements to register, engage in advocacy, receive external funding and report and monitor human rights issues in some countries. Women human rights defenders face online smear campaigns, physical attacks, harassment and intimidation. Since 2008, civil society repression has deepened in 26 countries, while conditions have improved in only 17.
Despite these threats, new generations of young feminists continue to bring energy and innovative strategies to the struggle for women’s rights.
Five ways you can help women claim leadership in civic spaces and movements:
- Use your voice and platforms across social media and in-person engagements to lift up women leaders’ voices.
- Fund feminist organizations and women’s rights organizations.Listen to and amplify women’s voices and experiences, especially those of minority or marginalized communities.
- Demand that women human rights defenders, members of women’s organizations and feminist movements are protected from violence.
- Teach the next generation the importance of gender equality and support young women’s and girls’ activism.
Media and entertainment
The media plays a critical role in amplifying women’s voices and stories and drawing attention to key issues. But, with women holding only 27 per cent of top management jobs in media organizations, it’s no surprise that movies, books, newspapers, podcasts, and other powerful mediums continue to be dominated by men’s stories, perspectives and narratives, written, produced and hosted by men.
An analysis of popular films across 11 countries found that 31 per cent of all speaking characters were women and that only 23 per cent featured a female protagonist — a number that closely mirrored the percentage of women filmmakers (21 per cent). When women are portrayed, they are often one-dimensional characters or sex objects as seen from a male perspective.
In news media, only 24 per cent of the persons heard, read about or seen in newspaper, television and radio news are women. In global news coverage of COVID-19, only one in five expert sources counsulted were women.
We need more women leaders in media and entertainment industries to end underrepresentation and stereotyping of women.
Five ways you can help women claim leadership roles in media:
- Call out stereotypes and underrepresentation of women in media and entertainment when you see it.
- Consume media created by and about women.
- Demand equal and diverse representation on-screen and behind the scenes.
- Read, watch and listen to articles about gender equality and ask for more.
- Be active on online platforms to amplify women’s voices, and stand up against violence and harassment of women creators.
Since more than one third of women’s employment is in agriculture, increasing women’s access to land and providing better support for women farmers is essential.
Women ensure food security for their communities and build climate resilience. But when it comes to owning land, accessing agricultural inputs, financing and technologies for climate resilience, they are left far behind men. These women farmers, despite the added challenges they face, are often the custodians of traditional knowledge and the stewards of natural resources in their communities. Their experience and valuable insights can lead us all to a better understanding of managing scarce resources and mitigating climate risks.
Five ways you can support women’s leadership in agriculture:
- Advocate for increased data on rural women and women in agriculture.
- Demand women’s equal control over, and ownership of land, including through inheritance rights, in every country in the world.
- Buy from women-run local farms or related businesses.
- Support women’s organizations that train and empower women in agriculture.
- Amplify rural women’s voices as they call for gender equality.
Women’s leadership is key to sustainable peace, and urgently needed as conflicts and humanitarian crises become more and more complex, violent and protracted every day. Even though women often face greater levels of violence and inequality during times of war and instability, they are at the front-line of efforts to lead their communities toward peaceful solutions.
When women’s groups and leaders are involved in peace negotiations, it is more likely that an agreement will be reached and implemented. Yet, the majority of negotiators, mediators, and signatories in peace processes are still men.
Five ways you can help women claim leadership in peace processes:
- Insist that women are given a seat at the peace table as mediators, negotiators, and signatories and witnesses of peace agreements.
- Demand that gender expertise is available throughout the peace process, and women’s rights and a gender perspective are included in peace agreement provisions.
- Believe in the power of women’s solidarity and strengthen women’s networks and coalitions.
- Support and fund women’s organizations that operate on the front lines of local peacebuilding and humanitarian response.
- Call for services that respond to and prevent gender-based violence in conflict and post-conflict settings, and protect women peacebuilders and women human rights defenders.