8 amazing solutions to stop plastic flowing into the world’s oceans

unique clean up tools have been designed to help remove plastic from oceans

'Preserving rivers is crucial to maintaining sustainable ecosystems,' says a project scientist with the Benioff Ocean Initiative. Image: Unsplash/Ant Rozetsky

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This article is part of: Centre for Nature and Climate

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  • The Clean Currents Coalition has deployed projects around the planet to remove plastic waste from key river systems.
  • River clean-ups help reduce the volume of plastic waste that reaches our oceans.
  • Innovative ideas and science are helping community leaders and policymakers tackle the plastic-waste problem.
  • Community involvement is key to the long-term success of environmental projects.
  • International attention is required since waste, in many cases, is exported to countries that don't have the capacity to manage the waste properly.

The Clean Currents Coalition - a global network of local projects - is on a mission to clean up the world’s rivers, using scientific solutions to address the problem of plastic waste in waterways around the world.

River clean-ups in Africa, Asia and the Americas appear on the network’s Data Dashboard, giving updated information on the debris collected from each project, and how captured plastic is processed.

the total plastic collected so far by the Clean Currents Coalition is 135, 185 kg
These projects are also helping to create behavioural change by educating people about pollution. Image: Clean Currents Coalition

Projects aim to create behavioural change by educating people, businesses and community leaders about plastics pollution. Meanwhile, community programmes engage local people in tackling the problem.

“Preserving rivers is crucial to maintaining sustainable ecosystems. Targeting rivers can reduce the staggering estimated statistic that up to12.7 million metric tons of plastic enter the ocean annually, “ Molly Morse, a project scientist with the Benioff Ocean Initiative, said in an interview with The Bottom Line.

Projects capturing plastic waste across the world
The Clean Currents Coalition has 8 key projects operating across the world. Image: Clean Currents Coalition

Here are eight clever ways that countries are capturing plastic waste before it enters our oceans.

A conveyor belt on the Athi River - Kenya

Startup social enterprise Chemolex Company has joined forces with non-profit initiative Smart Villages, to establish 10 plastic capture devices along the Athi river and its tributaries, the Nairobi and Ngong rivers.

Fences placed across the rivers have diverted more than 1,000 tonnes from Kenya’s waterways, which is removed from the river by conveyor belt. The recycled waste is used to produce building materials like plastic fencing poles, pavement tiles, flooring and roofing.

this collection wheel can move large amounts of plastic waste out of rivers
A collection wheel lifts plastic waste from a collection point on the Citarum River. Image: Clean Currents Coalition

The Citarum River concentrator - Indonesia

A plastics capture system will help clean up the heavily polluted Citarum River in West Java, which can remove 20 to 100 tonnes of waste daily. Active concentration modules placed along the river guide plastic waste to a collection point, where it is lifted from the waterway by a collection wheel.

The project will be operated by Indonesian NGO Greeneration Foundation, working with local partner Waste4Change and Finnish startup RiverRecycle. The waste will be recycled, composted or used for biofuel, with non-recyclable plastics converted into low-sulphur fuel oil to finance the project’s future.

The Kingston Harbour interceptors - Jamaica

Netherlands-based not-for-profit The Ocean Cleanup will deploy its Interceptor technology in the waterways flowing into Kingston Harbour to prevent floating waste from entering the Caribbean Sea.

Interceptors are The Ocean Cleanup’s river solutions designed to stop plastic from entering oceans. Through the use of a barrier and conveyor system, the waste will be halted and extracted from gullies and returned to shore for recycling or proper disposal. In addition to these cleanup operations, The Ocean Cleanup is partnering with local NGOs to engage and involve the Kingston community in these efforts and raise awareness on plastic pollution with the youth in Jamaica

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image showing outstretched booms with nets attached catch debris floating on the Lat Phrao Canal
Outstretched booms with nets attached catch debris floating on the Lat Phrao Canal. Image: Clean Currents Coalition

Plastic waste traps on the Lat Phrao Canal - Thailand

The Chao Praya – which translates as “River of Kings” – is one of the world’s longest, and most polluted, rivers. The 1.5 kilometre Lat Phrao Canal flows from the river through one of Bangkok’s densely populated communities, which is home to around 120,400 people.

In July 2020, TerraCycle Global Foundation, the non-profit arm of US-based recycling company TerraCycle, Inc., installed two plastics clean-up systems on the canal, each featuring two outstretched booms with nets attached, which catch debris floating just below the water’s surface. The booms are anchored and fitted with a metal collection trap. Over eight tonnes of plastic waste has been removed from the canal to date.

A programme is under way to educate the Lat Phrao Canal population about the plastics problem and how they can take action to mitigate it.

A new AI-integrated trash wheel on the Juan Díaz River - Panama

Inspired by the design of Baltimore’s “Mr Trash Wheel”, Panama-based non-profit Marea Verde has installed a water-wheel-powered waste capture system adapted for the Juan Díaz River.

Barriers redirect waste carried by the river’s current to a capture point. It is then lifted from the water by a transverse conveyor belt powered by electricity from a water wheel. The design known as “Doña Rueda” – “Ms. Wheel” in English – deposits the waste directly into the shore-based processing facility where it is sorted for recycling.

AI is integrated into the system to categorize the trash as it moves along the conveyors, improving the project's data collection capabilities.

The wheel had collected twenty-two 1.3 cubic metre bags of plastic bottles by mid-October, according to Reuters.

The Portoviejo River’s floating curtain - Ecuador

Adopting a data-led approach to combating river pollution, award-winning eco-solutions company Ichthion has devised a high-tech way to help clean up Ecuador’s Portoviejo River.

Combining data on river pollution, water-flow dynamics, probability modeling and material transport, the company has created the Azure barrier – a floating curtain that can operate in rivers and coastal areas and moves with the tide.

Sensors in the system classify and measure captured waste, providing a rich source of data to help policymakers address river pollution challenges.

this trap helps to clean Vietnam's Song Hong River
Locally designed, inexpensive traps help clean Vietnam's Song Hong River Image: Clean Currents Coalition

Bamboo and booms on the Song Hong River - Vietnam

US-based non-profit Ocean Conservancy is taking its quest for trash-free seas to the Song Hong River in Vietnam, teaming up with the Centre for Marine Conservation & Community Development to deploy traps that capture plastic waste.

These unique cleanup tools are locally designed, inexpensive and built using locally sourced materials. The traps feature two floating booms with mesh that guide floating waste to a trap connected to the riverbank by a bamboo platform allowing for easy emptying and maintenance.

Since being deployed in February, more than 450 kilogrammes of floating waste has been removed from the waterway. Working with the University of Toronto Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology to monitor plastic waste at several sites along the river, the data can help local government bodies combat the country’s plastics problem.

A floating boom with a metal screen attached captures plastic waste in Mexico
A floating boom with a metal screen attached captures plastic waste in Mexico. Image: Clean Currents Coalition

Tijuana River’s “Brute Boom” - Mexico

Pollution doesn’t respect international boundaries, making plastic waste in the Tijuana River Estuary, which forms the border between the US and Mexico, everyone’s problem.

As the river is the sole source of clean drinking water for many people, California and Mexico-based environmental non-profit WILDCOAST, has erected a “Brute Boom” across the Los Laureles Canyon to collect debris. The system consists of a floating boom attached to both sides of the canyon, with a metal screen attached to collect plastic waste.

The group has established the first recycling initiative in the community and embarked on an education programme to reduce plastics use.


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