Graduate degree in Physics. Former Managing Editor, Al-Islah, Ar-Raya and Attajdid newspapers. 2011, elected for a fourth term in Parliament; since 2008, Secretary-General of the Justice and Development Party of Morocco. November 2011, appointed Chief of Government of Morocco by King Mohammed VI. Professor, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Rabat. Former Member, Special Commission on Education and Training. Member of the Board of Education.