Degree in Economics, University of World Trade, Vienna. 1997-2008, led the Nestlé Group: until 2005, Chief Executive Officer; 2005-08, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer; from 2008, remained Chairman of the Board, Nestlé. Vice-Chairman L’Oréal. Chairman of the Board: Nestlé Health Science; Nestlé Skin Health; Delta Topco (Formula 1). Member of the Board, Exxon Mobil Corporation. Chairman, 2030 Water Resources Group. Vice-Chairman, Foundation Board, World Economic Forum. Member, Hong Kong-Europe Business Council. Recipient of awards, including: Austrian Cross of Honour for services to the Republic of Austria; La Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca; La Orden Francisco de Miranda, Republic of Venezuela; Schumpeter Prize for Outstanding Contribution in Disruptive Innovation; Honorary Doctor of Laws, University of Alberta, Canada.