1981, BSc and 1983, MSc in Economics, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria; 1997, degree in Sharia and Islamic Studies, African International University, Sudan. 1983, Lecturer in Economics, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. 1985-2009, various positions in the banking industry, including with: Icon, a subsidiary of Morgan Guaranty Trust Bank of New York; Baring Brothers of London; General Manager, United Bank for Africa; Group Managing Director, First Bank of Nigeria. Championed the development of enterprise-wide risk management control mechanisms. Since 2009, Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria. Frequent speaker at international forums on banking, politics, religion and society. Author of many papers published in academic journals, books and newspapers. Recipient of awards, including: National Award of Commander of the Order of the Niger (CON), Nigeria; Global Central Bank Governor for 2010, The Banker Magazine, a publication of the Financial Times; one of the 100 most influential people in the world, TIME Magazine (2011).