Global temperatures and sea levels are rising. Low-lying coastal cities are already experiencing devastating floods and working to come up with creative solutions to combat rising tides.

Some cities are sinking due to increasing sea levels slowly encroaching on their coasts, while others are sinking because of excessive groundwater pumping that creates a change in pressure and volume that causes land to sink.

Here are 11 sinking cities that are in danger of disappearing.

1. Jakarta, Indonesia

A man drives a motorcycle through sea water as high tide hits Muara Baru fishing port in Jakarta, Indonesia, December 5, 2017.
A man drives a motorcycle through sea water as high tide hits Muara Baru fishing port in Jakarta, Indonesia, December 5, 2017.
Image: REUTERS/Beawiharta

Jakarta is sinking up to 6.7 inches per year due to excessive groundwater pumping (which creates a change in pressure and volume that causes the land to sink). Much of the city could be underwater by 2050.

The Indonesian government recently approved a plan to move the capital 100 miles away from its current location on the island of Java in order to protect its 10 million residents from more flooding. The move would take about 10 years and cost $33 billion.

2. Lagos, Nigeria

People crowd a street at the central business district in Nigeria's commercial capital Lagos ahead of Christmas December 23, 2016.
People crowd a street at the central business district in Nigeria's commercial capital Lagos ahead of Christmas December 23, 2016.
Image: REUTERS/Akintunde Akinleye

Lagos' low coastline continues to erode, and rising seas caused by global warming put Africa's largest city in danger of flooding.

A 2012 study from the University of Plymouth found that a sea level rise of three to nine feet would " have a catastrophic effect on the human activities in these regions." Global sea levels are expected to rise 6.6 feet by the end of this century.

3. Houston, Texas

Interstate highway 45 is submerged from the effects of Hurricane Harvey seen during widespread flooding in Houston, Texas, U.S. August 27, 2017. REUTERS/Richard Carson     TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY - RC1BA1656450
Interstate highway 45 is submerged from the effects of Hurricane Harvey seen during widespread flooding in Houston, Texas, U.S. August 27, 2017. REUTERS/Richard Carson TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY - RC1BA1656450
Image: REUTERS/Richard Carson

Parts of Houston are sinking at a rate of 2 inches per year due to excessive groundwater pumping.

The more Houston sinks, the more vulnerable it becomes to increasingly frequent disasters such as Hurricane Harvey, which damaged nearly 135,000 homes and displaced around 30,000 people.

4. Dhaka, Bangladesh

Vehicles are seen at Kawran Bazar roundabout in Dhaka, Bangladesh, June 22, 2017. REUTERS/Mohammad Ponir Hossain - RC1A31CF9320
Vehicles are seen at Kawran Bazar roundabout in Dhaka, Bangladesh, June 22, 2017.
Image: REUTERS/Mohammad Ponir Hossain

Bangladesh produces 0.3% of the emissions that contribute to climate change, but the country is facing some of the biggest consequences of rising sea levels, according to The New York Times.

Oceans could flood 17% of Bangladesh's land and displace about 18 million of its citizens by 2050.

5. Venice, Italy

Tourist walk in St.Mark's Square in Venice, Italy, April 2, 2019. REUTERS/Guglielmo Mangiapane
Tourist walk in St.Mark's Square in Venice, Italy, April 2, 2019. REUTERS/Guglielmo Mangiapane
Image: REUTERS/Guglielmo Mangiapane

Venice is sinking at a rate of 0.08 inches every year.

Italy began building a flood barrier consisting of 78 gates across its three inlets in 2003. It's known as Mose. The barrier was supposed to be completed in 2011, but will likely not be ready until 2022.

When a series of storms hit Venice in 2018, the $6.5 billion project was still incomplete. The flooding was the worst the city had seen in a decade.

6. Virginia Beach, Virginia

Virginia Beach has one of the fastest rates of sea-level rising on the East Coast, factoring in both rising water levels and sinking land.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration estimates that Virginia Beach could experience up to nearly 12 feet of sea level rise by 2100.

7. Bangkok, Thailand

Image: Wikimedia Commons

Bangkok is sinking at a rate of more than 1 centimeter a year and could be below sea level by 2030, according to The Guardian.

To help prevent flooding, especially during Thailand's summer rainy season, an architecture firm built an 11-acre park that can hold up to 1 million gallons of rainwater called Chulalongkorn University Centenary Park.

8. New Orleans, Louisiana

A levee gives way to high water in New Orleans, Louisiana, after hurricane Katrina struck on August 31, 2005. Hurricane Katrina strengthened into a rare top-ranked storm and barrelled into the vulnerable U.S. Gulf Coast for a second and more deadly assault on the Gulf Coast.
A levee gives way to high water in New Orleans, Louisiana, after hurricane Katrina struck on August 31, 2005. Hurricane Katrina strengthened into a rare top-ranked storm and barrelled into the vulnerable U.S. Gulf Coast for a second and more deadly assault on the Gulf Coast.
Image: REUTERS/Marc Serota

Parts of New Orleans are sinking at a rate of 2 inches per year and could be underwater by 2100, according to a 2016 NASA study.

Some parts of New Orleans are also 15 feet below sea level, and its location on a river delta increases its exposure to sea-level rise and flooding.

9. Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Dredgers work to create new land in front of the Europort to create the Europort nr. 2 in Rotterdam September 1, 2009. With scientists predicting that sea levels will rise by about one metre (3.3 feet) this century, the Dutch are reversing centuries of tradition to create natural flood plains for rivers as well as rebuild mangrove swamps as buffers against the sea. Instead of raising dikes, the Dutch want to reclaim land and build public recreation areas that can absorb storm surges. Picture taken September 1, 2009.
Dredgers work to create new land in front of the Europort to create the Europort nr. 2 in Rotterdam September 1, 2009. With scientists predicting that sea levels will rise by about one metre (3.3 feet) this century, the Dutch are reversing centuries of tradition to create natural flood plains for rivers as well as rebuild mangrove swamps as buffers against the sea. Instead of raising dikes, the Dutch want to reclaim land and build public recreation areas that can absorb storm surges. Picture taken September 1, 2009.
Image: REUTERS/Jerry Lampen

According to The New York Times, 90% of the city of Rotterdam is below sea level. As ocean levels rise, the risk of flooding increases.

Like Bangkok's Chulalongkorn University Centenary Park, the Dutch have built "water parks" that double as reservoirs for the swelling water levels in a project called Room for the River, as well as enormous storm surge barriers.

10. Alexandria, Egypt

Egyptians crowd a public beach during a hot day in the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria, 230 km (143 miles) north of Cairo September 7, 2012. REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh
Egyptians crowd a public beach during a hot day in the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria, 230 km (143 miles) north of Cairo September 7, 2012. REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh
Image: REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh

11. Miami, Florida

A general view of the cityscape and a port in Miami, Florida, U.S., June 21, 2019.
A general view of the cityscape and a port in Miami, Florida, U.S., June 21, 2019.
Image: REUTERS/Carlo Allegri

Environmental author Jeff Goodell previously told Business Insider that " there's virtually no scenario under which you can imagine [Miami] existing at the end of the century" and referred to it as "the poster child for a major city in big trouble."

Miami's sea levels are rising at faster rates than in other areas of the world, resulting in floods, contaminated drinking water, and major damage to homes and roads.

The city may soon have to raise its structures to stay above water.