Future of the Environment

Vertical Urban Mobility: Why the future of urban development lies far above the ground

Image: Manyone

Jens Martin Skibsted
Partner, Manyone A/S
Share:
Our Impact
What's the World Economic Forum doing to accelerate action on Future of the Environment?
The Big Picture
Explore and monitor how Future of the Environment is affecting economies, industries and global issues
A hand holding a looking glass by a lake
Crowdsource Innovation
Get involved with our crowdsourced digital platform to deliver impact at scale
Stay up to date:

Future of the Environment

Listen to the article

  • As global populations balloon and the number of urban dwellers skyrockets, the ground would be unable to efficiently contain all of us – a problem that Vertical Urban Mobility might offer solutions to.
  • The efficiencies of scale, the increased innovation and economic output, and the reduced sprawl make them very attractive for new cities.
  • It is critical, right now, that we begin to embrace Vertical Urban Mobility as a concept and keenly explore how it could complement today’s horizontal thinking.

If you listen to the current global discourse about urban development, you almost certainly would have come across the idea of building 15-minute cities. It seems like everyone, from government officials and public policy wonks to architects and city developers, is talking about redesigning or building from scratch urban settlements where residents can get to wherever they need to be in a quarter of an hour.

The problem is that in our emerging world of high-rises and skyscrapers, getting to the ground floor, basement parking, or tube stop of our destination is increasingly just another leg in the journey. Making it to the floor where the office, retail store or apartment is situated is the new last mile in our travels. I’ve coined this Vertical Urban Mobility.

Have you read?

What is Vertical Urban Mobility and what does it mean for people living in cities?

Vertical Urban Mobility is not a thing like the 15-minute city but achieving the latter in new cities (mainly Asian and Africa) in our near future may be impossible without the former. The reason is simple: As global populations balloon and the number of urban dwellers skyrockets, the ground would be unable to efficiently contain all of us. Look at it this way. We, popularly speaking, need to build the same urban capacity in the next 40 years as we’ve done in the previous 4000. We also need to build in an eco-friendly way, given the reality and imminence of climate catastrophes. A path to such a greener future is also upwards.

How does Vertical Urban Mobility factor in energy-efficiency?

In general, the denser we live, the more energy-efficient we become. Skyscrapers by themselves do not improve the carbon footprint. However, the efficiencies of scale, the increased innovation and economic output and the reduced sprawl make them very attractive to new cities. And arguably the sheer density by living, working, and hanging out in spaces that are farther from the ground, we end up sharing more energy overall as a collective city and thereby dispensing less energy per person on average in the greater metropolitan area. For example, New York, which has the highest number of high-rise buildings in the USA, dispensed 4.3 metric tons of CO2 just in terms of transportation per person in 2018, versus a country-wide average of 5.9. Manhattanites overall have the smallest carbon footprints in the United States: 7.1 metric tons less than 30 percent of the national average.

Indeed, it will take more than putting up more high-rises and skyscrapers to put back our planet in good stead. We would need to crack the code on how people can move around efficiently between high-rises—from the workplace to the gym, from a meeting in a client's office to a friend's birthday at a restaurant—via innovative, time-saving vertical urban mobility solutions.

What vertical urban mobility solutions will be prevalent in the future?

Nobody knows what precisely will constitute the prevalent vertical urban mobility solutions of the future. But there are a few pointers. To name some: Cable cars like Bogota’s Téleferico, escalators like Hong Kong’s Central–Mid–Level, the Chinese ‘Straddle Busses’, Wuppertal’s suspension trains, Dissing+Weitling’s bicycle bridges, the elevated streets of Copenhagen’s 8HOUSE illustrate how vertical urban mobility—paired with horizontal mobility—could evolve in no distant time. The architecture of urban buildings is just one part. How our transportation systems integrate the vertical movement of people is another. Right now, the best answers we have are questions.

The first question regarding transportation would have to be, how much of it can we take off the ground? In public transport, suspended trains that convey people directly to the upper floors of buildings are gradually growing. Should buses and trams follow suit? In private/personal transport, can we adapt EVs and bicycles for door-to-door transportation, even for people who live on the 36th floor? Cargo collection and delivery services are a big part of our lives. Do they all have to come through the ground floor? Would flying autonomous electric vehicles and robots be better at handing us our packages? The biggest question, however, will be which of these will enable a green and desirable future?

In a sense, we are at the same spot, with vertical urban mobility, where we went from horse carriages to cars. We knew a bit about the fundamentals, but not which typologies would win and how they would look. For example, we know that whatever solutions we end up with for vertical urban mobility, they will most likely be electric, have some level of intelligence and connectedness and be space efficient.

What is Urban Air Mobility?

We don’t know yet what the mobility objects of the future will look like, although some would have you believe it is Urban Air Mobility. In city centres, this is very unlikely, because Urban Air Mobility refers to just one specific solution or machine. Virtually all urban experts agree that efficient urban mobility is multi-modal. There will be no single means of transport that takes all, not now, with horizontal mobility, not in the future, with vertical urban mobility. The insight of Urban Air Mobility is the horizontal axis, not necessarily the specific solution. That is why it is best to look at the plethora of possibilities that can shape the future of urban transportation vertically.

First and last mile of movement in cities likely to become horizontal

It is critical, right now, that we begin to embrace Vertical Urban Mobility as a concept and keenly explore how it could complement today’s horizontal thinking. The key is holistically viewing cities as dynamic entities on and above the ground. For generations, city planners have held a horizontal ‘flat-earth’ view of the movement of people. Now we need to seriously consider how to navigate our cities upwards and sideways. It starts with reimagining how we build for living, work and mobility as well. The first mile and last mile is likely to become horizontal. This may end with redefining the principles for 21st-century urban development and transport.

Don't miss any update on this topic

Create a free account and access your personalized content collection with our latest publications and analyses.

Sign up for free

License and Republishing

World Economic Forum articles may be republished in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License, and in accordance with our Terms of Use.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

Share:
World Economic Forum logo
Global Agenda

The Agenda Weekly

A weekly update of the most important issues driving the global agenda

Subscribe today

You can unsubscribe at any time using the link in our emails. For more details, review our privacy policy.

Earth Day: What is it, when is it and why is it important?

Lindsey Ricker and Hanh Nguyen

April 11, 2024

About Us

Events

Media

Partners & Members

  • Join Us

Language Editions

Privacy Policy & Terms of Service

© 2024 World Economic Forum