Economic Progress

This chart shows the growth of India's economy

India's economy is now the fifth largest in the world.

India's economy is now the fifth largest in the world. Image: Unsplash/Naveed Ahmed

Martin Armstrong
Data Journalist, Statista
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Economic Progress

  • India’s economy is forecast to grow by 7% this year, making it the 5th largest in the world, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) says.
  • It was the world’s 11th largest economy a decade ago.
  • The IMF sees India having the world's 4th highest GDP by 2027.

Just a decade ago, Indian GDP was the eleventh largest in the world. Now, with 7 percent growth forecast for 2022, India's economy has overtaken the United Kingdom's in terms of size, making it the fifth biggest. That's according to the latest figures from the International Monetary Fund.

India's growth is accompanied by a period of rapid inflation in the UK, creating a cost of living crisis and the risk of a recession which the Bank of England predicts could last into 2024. This situation, coupled with a turbulent political period and the continued hangover of Brexit, led to Indian output overtaking that of the UK in the final quarter of 2021, with the first of 2022 offering no change in the ranking.

Looking ahead, the IMF forecasts this to become the new status quo, with India expected to leap further ahead of the UK up to 2027 - making India the fourth largest economy by that time, too, and leaving the UK behind in sixth.

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GDP of India and the United Kingdom from 1980 to 2027.
India's GDP has overtaken the GDP of the United Kingdom. Image: International Monetary Fund
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