Cities and Urbanization

This is how the World Bank says cities can become greener, more resilient and more inclusive

Top view of city buildings with trees.

"Cities hold one of the keys to solving the climate crisis," concludes a recent World Bank analysis. Image: Unsplash/CHUTTERSNAP

Ewan Thomson
Senior Writer, Forum Agenda
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Cities and Urbanization

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Figure showing the average CO2 emissions per capita and share of global CO2 emissions, generated in cities.
Higher-income cities emit the most CO2, while low-income cities produce almost none. Image: World Bank

Figure showing the average weighted overall climate change-related hazard exposure.
Heat, drought, or flooding hazards disproportionately affect cities in low- and lower-middle-income countries. Image: World Bank
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Figure showing the average of PM2.5 concentrations across cities by country income group, 2000 and 2015.
All urban environments currently exceed WHO-recommended air pollution levels. Image: World Bank

Figure illustrating a framework for making cities greener, more resilient and more inclusive.
Cities of the future must take into account all aspects of development. Image: World Bank
Report showing the five broad sets of instruments that can help cities develop.
The ‘five Is’ can be drawn on by policymakers to shape greener, more resilient, more inclusive outcomes. Image: World Bank

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Related topics:
Cities and UrbanizationClimate Change
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