Climate Action

Taking the lead on climate action could be worth $11 trillion to India

United States special presidential envoy for climate John Kerry and India?s Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change Bhupender Yadav launch the Climate Action and Finance Mobilisation Dialogue (CAFMD) under India-US Climate and Clean Energy Agenda 2030 Partnership, in New Delhi, India, September 13, 2021

India has the potential to significantly benefit from climate change action. Image: REUTERS/Anushree Fadnavis

Victoria Masterson
Senior Writer, Forum Agenda
Our Impact
What's the World Economic Forum doing to accelerate action on Climate Action?
The Big Picture
Explore and monitor how Climate Crisis is affecting economies, industries and global issues
A hand holding a looking glass by a lake
Crowdsource Innovation
Get involved with our crowdsourced digital platform to deliver impact at scale
Stay up to date:

Climate Crisis

This article is part of: Sustainable Development Impact Summit
  • Climate change is already impacting people’s lives and livelihoods in India.
  • Left unchecked, people will be under even greater threat and the economy could lose $35 trillion by 2070, according to Deloitte.
  • But if India leads the way with climate action, it could gain $11 trillion in economic value.
  • India already produces advanced climate solutions, which it could export to the rest of the world.

India can lead the way on climate action and prosper, or do nothing and “impose steep economic costs” – as well as the continuing human and environmental cost – on the country, according to a new report.


Leaving climate change unchecked could cost India $35 trillion in lost economic potential over the next 50 years, finds the Deloitte Economics Institute in its report, India’s turning point: How climate action can drive our economic future.

Or instead, India could gain $11 trillion in economic value – by limiting rising global temperatures and exporting the climate solutions it has already developed to the rest of the world.

Climate Change India How to Save the Planet
India could gain $11 trillion in economic value – or lose $35 trillion – depending on its climate actions over the next decade. Image: Deloitte

The human and environmental cost

For India, a rise of 3C or more in average global temperatures by the end of the century will “make it harder for people to live and work, as sea levels rise, crop yields fall, infrastructure is damaged, and other challenges emerge,” Deloitte warns.

Climate-related disasters in the country have increased in recent years and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recently warned that India is set for more extreme heat waves, monsoons and droughts if it continues on its current trajectory.

Other studies point to the negative impacts of air pollution, which kills more than 1 million people a year. It is also thought to shorten lifespans by more than nine years for around 4 in 10 Indians.

Have you read?

Transitioning to a green economy

As well as the immediate cost to lives and livelihoods, a 3C or more scenario could threaten India’s progress and prosperity in recent decades, and cost the five most impacted industries $1.5 trillion a year by 2070. These account for more than 80% of India’s GDP and are services, manufacturing, retail and tourism, construction, and transport.

Climate change globally is the biggest long-term threat to the economy, according to the Climate Economics Index from Swiss Re Institute.

By 2050, the world economy could lose up to 18% of its GDP if temperatures increase by 3.2C.

The good news is that India is well positioned to help the world transition to a green economy, and could achieve “significant economic growth” by supplying the products, services and financing the world will need to limit temperature increases, Deloitte says.

Companies in India are already leading producers of advanced climate solutions.

“These include green hydrogen and negative-emission solutions, both natural and technological,” Deloitte says.

this diagram showing how India can rapidly decarbonize
A successful decarbonization scenario Image: India’s turning point, Deloitte

Towards a sustainable future

It’s therefore not too late to limit average global temperature rises to around 1.5C by 2050, Deloitte says. This would minimize the impact of climate change for India and the rest of the world. But to achieve this, there would need to be bold and rapid actions over the next decade by governments, businesses and communities.

How to accelerate climate action is one of the central themes to be addressed at the World Economic Forum’s Sustainable Development Impact Summit 2021, from 20-23 September.


What is the World Economic Forum’s Sustainable Development Impact summit?

Leaders and experts across sectors will share technologies and solutions to global challenges and create innovative policy recommendations and action plans. They will also advance partnerships and alliances that tackle pressing and emerging issues.

Don't miss any update on this topic

Create a free account and access your personalized content collection with our latest publications and analyses.

Sign up for free

License and Republishing

World Economic Forum articles may be republished in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License, and in accordance with our Terms of Use.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

Related topics:
Climate ActionGeographies in DepthNature and BiodiversityForum Institutional
World Economic Forum logo
Global Agenda

The Agenda Weekly

A weekly update of the most important issues driving the global agenda

Subscribe today

You can unsubscribe at any time using the link in our emails. For more details, review our privacy policy.

Trust in voluntary carbon markets has been consistently low: What needs to change?

Antoine Rostand

June 12, 2024

About Us



Partners & Members

  • Join Us

Language Editions

Privacy Policy & Terms of Service

© 2024 World Economic Forum