Full report
Published: 24 May 2022

Travel & Tourism Development Index 2021: Rebuilding for a Sustainable and Resilient Future


The World Economic Forum would like to thank the wide range of organizations and colleagues that made this publication possible.

World Economic Forum

Shaping the Future of Mobility Team

Pedro G. Gomez Pensado
Head of Shaping the Future of Mobility, Member of the Executive Committee Switzerland

Maksim Soshkin (Author)
Aerospace, Aviation, Travel and Tourism Analysis Specialist USA

Lauren Uppink Calderwood (Author)
Head of Aviation, Travel and Tourism Industries USA

Also special thanks to the New Economy and Society and Partner Institute teams and Shalini Roy, Research Collaborator, International Tourism Management Student, University of Surrey, UK

Editing and design

Astra Content
Editing USA/UK

Laurence Denmark
Designer UK

Digital Production

Giovanni Salvi (Interactive Data)
Data Intelligence Manager, Data & Analytics Switzerland

Sakshi Bhatnagar (Digital Report)
Digital Product Lead, Digital and Marketing Switzerland

Index Advisory Group

Martina Bednarikova
Economist, The International Air Transport Association (IATA) Switzerland

Sandra Carvao
Chief, Market Intelligence and Competitiveness, World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Spain

Daniel Fenton
Executive Vice-President, Director of Global Tourism and Destination Development Services, JLL Hotels & Hospitality Group USA

Graham Harper
Director of Sustainability & Social Responsibility, Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) Thailand

Nejc Jus
Head of Research, World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC) UK

Kristýna Matoulková
Advisory Group member while employed as: Economist, The International Air Transport Association (IATA) Switzerland

Jose Filipe Torres
Chief Executive Office, Bloom Consulting Spain

Iis Tussyadiah
Professor and Head of School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, University of Surrey UK

Data partners

The World Economic Forum would like to thank the following data partners for their invaluable contributions, without which the realization of the Travel & Tourism Development Index 2021 would not have been feasible:


AirDNA is a leading provider of global short-term rental data offering destinations a complete understanding of their local lodging and tourism industry. Through a combination of interactive dashboards, market trend reports and future-looking data, AirDNA helps destinations gauge supply and demand, understand travellers’ changing priorities and accelerate the economic impact of tourism.

For more information, please visit www.airdna.co

Bloom Consulting

and placemaking. Headquartered in Madrid and with offices in London, Lisbon and Sao Paulo, since 2003 Bloom Consulting has worked on more than 80 projects in most continents. Each year, the company publishes its own Bloom Consulting Country Brand Ranking with the aim of analysing the brand performance of 180 countries and territories worldwide. For more information, please visit www.bloom-consulting.com.

D2 – Analytics

D2 – Analytics is an intelligence company that provides advanced insights and intelligence about countries, regions and cities. Since 2015, more than 40 governments, DMOs, IPAs and city councils around the world have used D2 – Analytics tools, software and data. The company provides analysis through specialized research and big data tools and digital insights. For more information, please visit www.d2analytics.io.

Euromonitor International

Euromonitor International is a leading provider of global business intelligence, market analysis and consumer insights. From local to global and tactical to strategic, its research solutions support decisions on how, where and when to grow businesses, helping customers to find the right report, database or custom solution to validate priorities, redirect assumptions and uncover new opportunities. With offices around the world and analysts in more than 100 countries, the company helps make sense of global markets. For more information, please visit www.euromonitor.com.


GlobalPetrolPrices collects and publishes fuel, electricity and natural gas price data for more than 150 countries. The data, which has been collected from original sources specific to each country since 2014, is used to track and forecast retail energy costs across countries. For more information, please visit www.globalpetrolprices.com.

The International Air Transport Association (IATA)

The International Air Transport Association (IATA), founded in April 1945, is a trade association for the world’s airlines, representing some 289 airlines and 82.9% of total available seat miles in air traffic. It supports aviation with global standards for airline safety, security, efficiency and sustainability.

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations, which serves as the global forum of states for international civil aviation. ICAO develops policies and standards, undertakes compliance audits, performs studies and analyses, provides assistance and builds aviation capacity through many other activities and with the cooperation of its member states and stakeholders.

International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

IUCN is a membership union uniquely composed of both government and civil society organizations. It provides public, private and non-governmental organizations with the knowledge and tools that enable human progress, economic development and nature conservation to take place together.

Created in 1948, IUCN has evolved into the world’s largest and most diverse environmental network. It harnesses the experience, resources and reach of its 1,400 member organizations and the input of 17,000 experts. IUCN is the global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to safeguard it. Its experts are organized into six commissions dedicated to species survival, environmental law, protected areas, social and economic policy, ecosystem management, and education and communication.


STR provides premium data benchmarking, analytics and marketplace insights for the global hospitality industry. Founded in 1985, STR maintains a presence in 15 countries with a corporate North American headquarters in Hendersonville, Tennessee, an international headquarters in London, and an Asia-Pacific headquarters in Singapore. For more information, please visit str.com and costargroup.com.


Tripadvisor, the world’s largest travel guidance platform, provides travel guidance in 43 markets and 22 languages. With more than 1 billion reviews and the opinions of nearly 8 million businesses, the platform helps hundreds of millions of people across the globe to become better travellers each month, from planning to booking to taking a trip, using the site and app.

World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism. As the leading international organization in the field of tourism, UNWTO promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development and environmental sustainability and offers leadership and support to the sector in advancing knowledge and tourism policies worldwide. UNWTO encourages the implementation of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism, to maximize tourism’s socioeconomic contribution while minimizing its possible negative impacts, and is committed to promoting tourism as an instrument in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), geared towards reducing poverty and encouraging sustainable development worldwide. UNWTO generates market knowledge, promotes competitive and sustainable tourism policies and instruments, supports tourism education and training, and works to make tourism an effective tool for development through technical assistance projects in more than 100 countries around the world. UNWTO’s membership includes 160 countries, six Associate Members and more than 500 Affiliate Members representing the private sector, educational institutions, tourism associations and local tourism authorities.

World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC)

WTTC promotes sustainable growth for the Travel & Tourism sector, working with governments and international institutions to create jobs, drive exports and generate prosperity. Council Members are the Chairs, Presidents and Chief Executives of the world’s leading private-sector T&T businesses.

Together with Oxford Economics, WTTC produces annual research that shows T&T to be one of the world’s largest sectors, supporting 334 million jobs and generating 10.4% of global GDP in 2019. Comprehensive reports quantify, compare and forecast the economic impact of T&T on 185 economies around the world. In addition to individual country fact sheets and fuller country reports, WTTC produces a world report highlighting global trends and 25 further reports that focus on regions, subregions and economic and geographic groups. To download reports or data, please visit: wttc.org.

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