I met the head of a nursery who left her job to take care of her newborn daughter. She had studied social work and had also trained in economics. After two years off, when she wanted to return to the workforce, she reinvented herself as the community manager for a social network for economists. It was all thanks to that period where she abandoned her “traditional career.” Now she’s her own boss, manages her own time, and is happy with her projects where she can keep growing. This woman is an example of how you can take advantage of dead ends to reinvent yourself.

At some point we all run the risk of getting stuck in a dead-end job, which is something that slows the development of our career. There are many types of dead ends: companies that may not look impressive on a resume, non-strategic departments, time off to take care for children or relatives, and months on sabbatical. Of course, there are times when we have no choice but to make these decisions. Let’s now see what we can do to turn such situations into future opportunities.

First, you need to recognize a dead end. A particular project may be very desirable – leaving work or taking some time off – but beware it may carry a future price. Hiring departments tend to be very traditional and do not always look favorably at resumes that dare to do different things. This doesn’t just happen in labor market: dead ends also exist within companies. You can change departments, but if the new one does not have as much strategic weight, it can lower your chances for a possible promotion. Therefore, if you are at a dead end, the first step is to recognize this so you can start looking for opportunities and doing something new.

Secondly, you need to assume that a dead end is a period of hibernation, not backtracking. Just as hibernating bears continue to maintain basic functions for survival, we can continue to do certain tasks to keep us active in the labor market even if we are not working. Take free courses online from prestigious universities to keep up your skills, maintain your social networks, attend conferences from time to time, and study things that interest you.The objective is to demonstrate that you have been active and you achieved something to prove it. If the dead end is within a large company, continue to maintain contacts with influential people or participate in important projects that offer you visibility. You have to find actions that are a springboard for your future, beyond the work that you do as part of your day-to-day working life.

Thirdly, you need to assume that certain experiences will make it difficult to return to the point where you left off. When you come back after taking a prolonged break, usually things have changed, either because someone has occupied your position or because you yourself have evolved. Therefore, after periods of absence in a “traditional career,” it is worth taking time to reflect on what you want, what you can contribute to add value and open your range of possibilities. Instead of longing for a position similar to what you had in the past, you can reinvent yourself. Imagine being self-employed, setting up a business or taking part in a project that satisfies you. In other words, you can use the dead end to think and take a turn in your professional career.

In short, we all face complicated decisions in our careers and we can fall consciously or inadvertently into a rut. The idea is not to avoid these, because sometimes it is not possible, but to be aware of what they mean and know how to turn them into opportunities for learning and personal reinvention.