Fourth Industrial Revolution

Don't blame it on the machines: Robots and employment in Europe

72% of Europeans believe that “robots and artificial intelligence steal jobs”. Image: Unsplash/Franck V.

David Klenert

Enrique Fernández-Macías

Researcher, Joint Research Centre of the European Commission

José-Ignacio Antón

Associate Professor, University of Salamanca

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Tech technology science chemistry biology physics electricity electric power battery charge positive negative lab laboratory scientist fourth industrial revolution volt voltage change progress advancement power new revolutionary robot robotics ai artificial intelligence machine learning Cities smart urban urbanization development growth growing inclusive inclusivity poverty tech technology science data electricity electric power fourth industrial revolution 4ir progress advancement power new revolutionary robot robotics ai artificial intelligence machine learning
Figure 1 Robots in operation in different EU countries Image: VoxEU
Tech technology science chemistry biology physics electricity electric power battery charge positive negative lab laboratory scientist fourth industrial revolution volt voltage change progress advancement power new revolutionary robot robotics ai artificial intelligence machine learning Cities smart urban urbanization development growth growing inclusive inclusivity poverty tech technology science data electricity electric power fourth industrial revolution 4ir progress advancement power new revolutionary robot robotics ai artificial intelligence machine learning
Figure 2 Distribution of robots by sector as a share of total robots Image: VoxEU
Tech technology science chemistry biology physics electricity electric power battery charge positive negative lab laboratory scientist fourth industrial revolution volt voltage change progress advancement power new revolutionary robot robotics ai artificial intelligence machine learning Cities smart urban urbanization development growth growing inclusive inclusivity poverty tech technology science data electricity electric power fourth industrial revolution 4ir progress advancement power new revolutionary robot robotics ai artificial intelligence machine learning
Figure 3 Employment shares of manufacturing in Europe Image: VoxEU
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Fourth Industrial RevolutionArtificial IntelligenceEconomic Progress
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Industry leaders are driving the adoption of advanced manufacturing technologies

January 19, 2023

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