Why one company is brewing beer out of recycled wastewater 

2,000 gallons of treated wastewater was turned into beer for delegates at the world’s biggest sustainable building conference to demonstrate its uses.

2,000 gallons of treated wastewater was turned into beer for delegates at the world’s biggest sustainable building conference to demonstrate its uses. Image: Unsplash/benceboros

Johnny Wood
Writer, Forum Agenda
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  • Waste greywater collected from buildings’ shower and laundry systems can be reused for irrigation or to flush urinals and toilets to conserve water.
  • 2,000 gallons of treated greywater was turned into beer for delegates at the world’s biggest sustainable building conference to demonstrate its uses.
  • In an increasingly water-stressed world, onsite water reuse systems could become a useful tool to make cities more sustainable.

Imagine a cool, refreshing glass of beer: malt, hops, yeast and the key ingredient … recycled wastewater from a 40-story luxury high-rise apartment building.

This unique beer-making approach was the brainchild of a San Francisco-based water management and reuse company called Epic Cleantec, which wanted to make a point about water sustainability in building designs.

Globally, people in buildings consume 14% of the planet’s potable water resources, with little reused. Having Greenbuild in town, the world’s largest sustainable building conference, the opportunity to distribute cans of Epic OneWater Brew to delegates and highlight the benefits of reusing wastewater from buildings was too good to miss.

OneWater Brew was made using purified wastewater from a San Francisco high-rise building.
OneWater Brew was made using purified wastewater from a San Francisco high-rise building. Image: Epic Cleantec

Enlisting the help of a local brewery, 2,000 gallons of recycled greywater from the Fifteen Fifty luxury apartment building in San Francisco was converted into beer.

The building is fitted with a greywater recycling system designed to collect and reuse 7,500 gallons of water per day, from sources like laundry and shower systems. Once treated to remove contaminants, the harvested greywater is reused for things like irrigation or flushing the building’s toilets and urinals.

However, the system uses state-of-the-art purification technology, so once processed, water collected for reuse meets or exceeds federal standards for potable water.

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What is the World Economic Forum doing to promote sustainable urban development?

Collect, recycle, reuse - wastewater

Pioneering legislation known as the Onsite Water Reuse Program has been enforced by the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission, which requires new large-scale local development projects to be fitted with water reuse systems.

And, while few states are yet to implement large-scale onsite water reuse programmes, a National Water Reuse Action Plan has been developed by US federal and state agencies working in collaboration with local communities and water sector stakeholders to scale up adoption of water reuse systems, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency.

Legislation and systems that facilitate reuse of wastewater could help already water-stressed towns and cities cope, especially during heatwaves or periods of drought.

Figure showing the top 10 global risks, with different categories.
Natural resource crises like water stress are on the Top 10 list of global risks over the next decade. Image: World Economic Forum
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Global water scarcity is a growing challenge, which is part of a wider natural resource crisis that ranks at No 6 in the World Economic Forum’s latest Global Risks Report, an index of threats to the world in the coming decade.

As urban areas around the world become more challenging to live in due to water stress, a Forum briefing paper titled Imagine If: Water Series aims to inspire, provoke and invite new ideas and concepts on building a circular water economy to promote cleaner, greener and healthier future cities.


The United Nations estimates the planet’s population will reach 9.7 billion by 2050, up from 8 billion today. As the global population continues to grow and migrate to cities, the need to use water more wisely is increasingly urgent. This underlines the importance of reducing water use in buildings and reusing potable water – but not just to brew beer.

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