Honorary Chair, Royal DSM; Member of the Board of Trustees, World Economic Forum (Co-Chair, Impact Committee; IBC Member; Co-Chair, Alliance of CEO Climate Leaders), Co-Chair, Global Climate Adaptation Centers. Studied Medical and Molecular Biology, Utrecht University; studied Business Administration, Erasmus University Rotterdam. Worked from 1987 until 1998, with Gist-brocades, including: Marketing & Sales Director, Divisional Director, Member Executive Committee. From 1998 until 1999, Director, Food Specialities Royal DSM. From 2000 until 2007, Member, DSM Managing Board; from 2007 until 2020, Chief Executive Officer, Royal DSM. Member of the Supervisory Board, Dutch Central Bank (DNB); Non-Executive Director, Unilever; Vice-Chairman, Royal Philips; Climate Leader of the World Bank Group; Champion of the Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition (CPLC).