Thirty-three years with the Government of Canada, including: Clerk of the Privy Council; Secretary to the Cabinet; Head of the Public Service of Canada; Deputy Minister of Finance and of Industry. Executive Director, IMF. Currently, Vice-Chairman, BMO Financial Group. Chancellor, University of King's College. Former Chair, University of Waterloo. Chair, Canadian Ditchley Foundation. Trustee: Killam Trusts; Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada; Communitech; Policy Council on the Global Financial System, World Economic Forum; OECD Innovation Advisory Council. Awards: Officer, Order of Canada; Member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada; eight honorary degrees.