Various military training, both domestic and foreign, including in United Kingdom with SAS, in West Germany with GSG-9 and in the USA with various army special forces units at Fort Bragg and Fort Benning and the US Army John F Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School; Master’s in Public Administration, George Washington University. Spent most of military career in the Kopassus (Army Special Forces); first commander of the Kopassus 81st anti-terrorist detachment; 1974, led Indonesia’s Garuda contingent serving under United Nations in Port Suez, Egypt; 1999, ended military service as Commander of the Army’s Education and Training with the rank of Lieutenant General in 1999; 2000, received the rank of Honorary General. Former: Ambassador to Singapore; Minister for Industry and Trade; Presidential Chief of Staff; Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal, and Security Affairs. 2004, co-founded Toba Sejahtera Group, which listed on the stock exchange in 2012; it has a wide array of business activities, including energy, mining, coal, oil and gas, plantation and electricity. Currently, Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs of Indonesia.