BA in Economics, Fudan University; MPA, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University; MA and PhD in Economics, Johns Hopkins University. Formerly: taught economics at Johns Hopkins University and Fudan University; Group Executive Vice-President, Bank of China; positions with World Bank; Deputy Governor, People's Bank of China; Deputy Managing Director, International Monetary Fund. Trustee, Princeton University. Honorary Trustee, Fudan University. Member, International Council, Business School, Chicago University. Member of the Board of Trustees, World Economic Forum.