Became General Manager of the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) on 1 December 2017. Formerly, Governor of the Bank of Mexico from 2010 to 2017. A Member of the BIS Board from 2011 to 2017, was chair of the Global Economy Meeting and the Economic Consultative Committee from 2013 until 2017. Also chaired the International Monetary and Financial Committee, the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) policy advisory committee from 2015 to 2017. Began career in 1980 at the Bank of Mexico. 1999-2000, Executive Director at the IMF. Later served as Mexico's deputy finance minister (2000-03) and as Deputy Managing Director at the IMF (2003-06). Mexico's finance minister from 2006 to 2009. Member of the Financial Stability Board since 2010; Member of the Group of Thirty. MA and PhD in Economics from the University of Chicago.