Bachelor's in Electronics and Communication Engineering; Executive Program, School of Business Administration, University of Michigan, US. 1976, one of six co-founders, HCL; with HCL Infosystems: 1994, President and CEO; 1999, Chairman. Member: IT Hardware Task Force; government committees. Chair, National Committee for Technology and Innovation, Confederation of Indian Industry. Recipient of awards: DataQuest Best IT Man of the Year, Foundation of Indian Industry and Economists (2007); Electronics Man of the Year (2006); Padma Bhushan Awardee (2011); conferred Honoris Causa Doctorate of Science by IIT, Roorkee (2010); CNBC Asia Business Award 2010 for the Viewers' Choice category. Interests: reading, jazz, fine arts.