1996, degree in Political Science, and 2005, PhD in Economics, University of Neuchâtel. 1996-2000, Assistant Lecturer, Research Institute for Regional Economic Development, University of Neuchâtel; 2000-01, Guest Researcher, Hamburg Institute of International Economics, Hamburg; 2001-04, Strategic Adviser, Department of Economic Affairs, Canton of Neuchâtel; 2006-11, independent strategy and communications adviser. 2001-03, Member of the local parliament, Belfaux, Fribourg; 2000-04, Member of the Constitutional Council of the Canton of Fribourg and President of the Social Democrat group of the Constitutional Council; 2005-11, Vice-President, parliamentary Social Democrat group; 2003-11, Member of the Council of States representing the Canton of Fribourg; member and president of various committees; 2008-09, President of the Council of States. Since 2012, Federal Councillor and Head of the Federal Department of Home Affairs (FDHA). Former President: Swiss Association for the Promotion of AOC/IGP, Berne; Les Buissonnets, a foundation for children and adults with disabilities, Fribourg; Swiss Tenants' Association - Western Switzerland Section, Lausanne.