PhD in International Politics, London School of Economics. Former: Adviser to the President of the European Commission; Visiting Professor, College of Europe, Bruges; Counsellor and Researcher, Permanent Representation of Finland to the European Union; Researcher, Academy of Finland and Ministry for Foreign Affairs. 2008-11, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Finland. 2004-08, Member of the European Parliament. Since March 2011, Member of the Finnish Parliament; since June 2011, Minister for European Affairs and Foreign Trade of Finland. Has participated in several EU intergovernmental conferences as Member of the Finnish government's delegation. Has published 11 books and numerous academic articles on the European Union; regular columnist for several papers.