Bachelor's in Civil Engineering and Master's in Soil Mechanics and Foundations, Cairo University; PhD in Soil Mechanics and Foundations, Purdue University. Former Professor of Engineering, Cairo University. 2002-06, Member of the Muslim Brotherhood's Political Committee. Founding Member, Freedom and Justice Party; former Party Secretary, Giza; currently, Chairman, Foreign Relations Committee. Served as Secretary-General for the Constituent Assembly that drafted Egypt's current constitution. Currently, Minister of Planning and International Cooperation of Egypt.