Doctorate in Agricultural Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala. Formerly: Associate Professor of Economics, University of Dar-es-Salaam; 1993-98, with UNCTAD; since 2000, Executive Director, UN-HABITAT; since 2002, Undersecretary-General, UN. 2004, Member, Commission for Africa. Founding Chair, Independent Tanzanian National Women's Council. 2003, Honorary doctorate in Science, University College London.