Graduate, Department of Economics, Moscow State University; New Economic School, Moscow; Duke University, US; Master's in Economics. 1994-2000, with Economic Expert Group, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation; 1997-2000, Head, Economic Expert Group; 2000, Adviser to Minister of Economic Development and Trade, Russian Federation; 2000-01, Expert, Centre of Strategic Research; 2001-04, Deputy Minister of Economic Development and Trade, Russian Federation; 2004-12, Aide to the President of the Russian Federation. Since 2012, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation. President, Russian Investment and Finance Analysts Guild. Member, Nation Banking Council.