BSc and MSc, Physics, St Stephen's College, Delhi University. 1965-89, with Tata Group; 1989-99, with Arthur D Little: MD, Innovation Associates, subsidiary; leader, North American Manufacturing Practice and Worldwide Organization and Strategy Practice. 2000-08, Chairman, Boston Consulting Group. With Planning Commission: Member, responsible for facilitating shaping of industrialization, urbanization and tourism policies and programmes. Chairman, Quality Council of India; Chancellor, Central University of Himachal Pradesh. Author of books, including: Shaping The Future: Aspirational Leadership in India and Beyond (2001); Remaking India: One Country, One Destiny (2004); Discordant Democrats: Five Steps to Consensus (2007); Transforming Capitalism: Business Leadership to Improve the World for Everyone (2008).