1993, PhD, Labour Economics, Keio Univ. Former: Visiting Scholar, UCLA; Consultant, RAND Corp.; Visiting Principal Research Officer, Economic Research Institute, Economic Planning Agency. Since 1992, with Faculty of Business and Commerce, Keio Univ.: 2007-09, Dean; since 2009, President. Chairman, Council for the Promotion of Social Security System Reform, and Policy Studies Group for an Aged Society (both Japanese Government). Member, Industrial Structure Council (Japanese Government), Global University Leaders Forum (WEF), among many others.