Master's in Dev. Studies, Darwin College, Cambridge; postgraduate diploma in Islamic Studies, Int'l Islamic Univ. Malaysia; FCCA; CFA charter holder. Formerly: Co-Founder and Managing Director, BinaFikir; Director and Head, Country Research, Salomon Smith Barney, Malaysia; Director and Head, Research, Union Bank of Switzerland, Malaysia; with Tenaga Nasional and National Electricity Board. Chairman: Iskandar Investment; Axiata. Member, Board: Yayasan Khazanah. Member, Board of Trustees: Asia Business Council; INSEAD East Asia Council. Exec. Committee, Malaysia Int'l Islamic Financial Centre; Governance Council, Malaysian Innovation Agency.